Info Know-how is associated with growing, studying and designing the information related to computers. To say that it’s comprehensible that philosophy of technology, but not philosophy of science, has focused initially the influence of know-how—and with it science—on society and tradition, as a result of science impacts society only through know-how, won’t do. Proper from the start of the scientific revolution, science affected human culture and thought essentially and immediately, not with a detour by means of know-how, and the identical is true for later developments equivalent to relativity, atomic physics and quantum mechanics, the speculation of evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and the more and more dominating scientific world view total.
Karl Marx did not condemn the steam engine or the spinning mill for the vices of the bourgeois mode of manufacturing; he believed that ongoing technological innovation were necessary steps toward the extra blissful stages of socialism and communism of the longer term (see Bimber (1990) for a current dialogue of various views on the function of expertise in Marx’s principle of historic growth).
Engineering is the goal-oriented means of designing and making tools and programs to take advantage of natural phenomena for sensible human means, typically (but not always) utilizing outcomes and techniques from science. Expertise is usually thought of too narrowly; in keeping with Hughes, “Know-how is a creative process involving human ingenuity”.
Second, technology is the set of means (tools, gadgets, systems, methods, procedures) created by the technological process. The opposite is a transfer away from ethical reflection on know-how as such to ethical reflection of particular technologies and to particular phases within the improvement of technology.
Some alchemical writers reminiscent of Roger Bacon were willing to argue that human artwork, even if learned by imitating pure processes, could successfully reproduce pure merchandise and even surpass them. Mitcham (1994) calls the sort of philosophy of expertise ‘humanities philosophy of know-how’ because it’s continuous with social science and the humanities.